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$110 Million in Humanitarian Aid for Pakistan May 20, 2009

Posted by Rebecca Williams in Analysis.
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Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton announced yesterday that the United States will give $110 million in emergency aid to support the roughly two million Pakistani civilians displaced by the fighting in Swat Valley.  This funding is separate from the $1.6 billion that the State Department has requested in the FY 2010 budget for Pakistan.  A little more than half of the requested funds for FY 2010 are security related, designed to support Pakistani military training, reimburse the Pakistan Government for GWOT costs, and bolster programs dealing with counter-narcotics, law enforcement, non-proliferation and anti-terrorism (FMF, INCLE, and NADR accounts).  The $110 million announced by Secretary Clinton for humanitarian assistance is also independent from the $700 million requested in the Defense FY 2010 Overseas Contingency Operations (OCO) budget for the Pakistan Counterinsurgency Capability Fund (PCCF), which supports train and equip programs for the Pakistani security forces and broader stabilization and reconstruction efforts in Pakistan.    

FY 2010 Total Requested Assistance to Pakistan

FY 2010 Request

Amount in Millions

Type of Assistance

International Affairs 150 Account    
GHCS-USAID

$28

Non-Security

ESF

$1,074*

Non-Security

INCLE

$155

Security

NADR

$23

Security

IMET

$4

Security

FMF

$298

Security

DOD’s OCO Request

 

 

PCCF

$700

Security

Total Security Assistance

$1,180

Security

Total Non-Security Assistance

$1,102

Non-Security

GCHS: Global Health and Child Survival; ESF: Economic Support Funds; INCLE: International Narcotics Control & Law Enforcement; NADR: Non-Proliferation, Anti-terrorism, Demining, & Related Programs; IMET; International Military Education and Training; FMF: Foreign Military Financing; PCCF: Pakistan Counterinsurgency Capability Fund

*According to the Function 150 Congressional Justification for FY 2010, the majority of the $1.074 billion request is to triple non-military assistance to Pakistan.  However, there may be some security initiatives within ESF.

The “new” $110 million in humanitarian assistance is divided between State and DOD ($100 million, and $10 million, respectively) and will likely be pulled from available balances, or reserves from several emergency or contingency accounts, such as the Emergency Refugee and Migration Account (ERMA) in State and DOD’s humanitarian assistance program Overseas Humanitarian, Disaster and Civic Assistance (OHDACA).  Therefore, the humanitarian assistance promised by Secretary Clinton yesterday will unlikely influence the total FY 2010 requested amounts for Pakistan.

Secretary Clinton announced this aid package the same time the Senate is deliberating the second FY 2009 Emergency Supplemental.  The FY 2009 pending emergency supplemental would appropriate $497 million for Pakistan in just the International Affairs (Function 150) account alone.  But, similar to FY 2010 request, the money requested in the pending supplemental for Pakistan is split between security and humanitarian assistance (ESF, INCLE, and NADR accounts). 

FY 2008-FY 2010 ‘Function 150’ Assistance to Pakistan 

 

FY 2008 Actual

FY 2009 Enacted

FY 2009 Pending Emergency Supplemental

FY 2010 Request

Aid to Pakistan (in Millions)

$741

$944

$497

$1,582

In addition, there are two companion bills currently in the House and the Senate that also deal with U.S. assistance to Pakistan.  House Foreign Affairs Committee introduced a bill in April 2009 that would authorize $3 billion to train and equip the Pakistani military and also increase U.S. economic assistance to Pakistan to a total of $7.5 billion over 5 years.  The Kerry-Lugar bill, currently awaiting Senate deliberation, excludes the military assistance component but would also authorize $1.5 billion a year to Pakistan for five years.  That said, the Kerry-Lugar bill does not appear on the Senate calendar or upcoming schedule and looks to be lost in legislative limbo for the time being.

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Comments»

1. warafpak - May 21, 2009

This is really helpful. Thank you. I wonder though:

1. Why haven’t you included Commander’s Emergency Response Program (CERP), and Global Train & Equip (1260 authority) in OCO? Is this because these arise from the two bills; and if so, would you please say a bit more on whether the bills are dead, or can they still see the light of day.

2. Can you give the NADR figure for Afghanistan — I couldn;t find it (or for Pakistan for that matter) in the State Department “Summary & Hihglights”.

Thanks again. Great work.

Stephen Abott - May 22, 2009

I believe the information you request is here: https://budgetinsight.wordpress.com/2009/05/07/notes-on-fy-2010-budget-request-department-of-defense/
Thank you for your comment-
Budget Insight

2. dglaudemans - May 22, 2009

The FY 10 request for NADR in Pakistan is $22.7 million.

3. dglaudemans - May 22, 2009

The FY 10 request for NADR in Afgh. is $57.8 million.

Rebecca Williams - May 22, 2009

Thank you for your comments. The Commander’s Emergency Response Program (CERP) was formally established in the FY 2005 Defense Authorization Act, which authorized the creation of a CERP program for Afghanistan and Iraq. CERP was expanded to include the Philippines in the FY 2008 Supplemental appropriation, but CERP currently does not have authorization to be used in Pakistan.

Global Train and Equip (Section 1206) authorizes the Secretary of Defense to train and equip foreign military forces and foreign maritime security forces. Section 1206 has primarily been used to provide counterterrorism support, but it is a global program that includes multiple countries including Pakistan. According to a Congressional Research Service Report, funding for Pakistan via Section 1206 has varied: Pakistan received 19% of the FY 2008 notifications, 5% of the FY 2007 obligations, and 23% of FY 2006 obligations. But, you are correct that the Defense FY 2010 Overseas Contingency Operations (OCO) requested $400 million for Section 1206, a 14% increase over FY 2009, and that some of this money will likely fund projects in Pakistan.

4. The Week That Was: May 25-29 « Budget Insight - May 29, 2009

[…] here. Last week, we examined the newly announced $110 million in emergency aid to Pakistan and its relation to overall U.S. aid to Pakistan. Next week, Congress will return to Washington after the recess, […]

5. Top Secret US Senate Hearing on Security of Pakistan’s Nuclear Program on 3 June 2009 | America at War - May 31, 2009

[…] on Foreign Relations, does not appear on the Senate calendar or upcoming scheduleand in the view of one analyst, ” looks to be lost in legislative limbo for the time […]

6. Notes on the US Budget for FY 2010 as it Affects Afghanistan and Pakistan | America at War - June 1, 2009

[…] documents from the Departments of State and Defence, and from posts at the Stimson Centre blog (here, here, and here), so as to provide a preliminary consolidated look at budget funds that are […]

7. warafpak - June 1, 2009

Most grateful to all of you for your response and guidance.

Based largely on your work, I have posted some notes to get to a consolidated view of US government funds headed to Af/Pak but am not at all certain that they are free of errors (both of understanding and of numbers):
http://afpakwar.com/blog/2009/06/01/notes-on-the-us-budget-for-fy-2010-as-it-affects-afghanistan-and-pakistan/

While I am already much indebted to all of you, further education will be most appreciated!


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