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One-Month Continuing Resolution Signed October 1, 2009

Posted by Rebecca Williams in Analysis.
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Today is the first day of the new fiscal year.  Last night the President signed into law the Continuing Resolution (CR) that essentially maintains spending at FY 2009 levels until it expires October 31.  CRs have become a regular part of the annual appropriations process and are used to keep the government operating a fiscal year ends while Congress finishes and enacts the regular appropriations bills.  Thus far, the House has passed all 12 of its appropriations bills while the Senate has passed six.  None of these bills have been signed into law, and the FY 2010 CR includes these appropriations bills that have not been passed by Congress.

Authorizers and appropriators continue to be heavily involved in conferences to settle the differences between the versions of authorization and appropriations bills passed by their respective chambers.  The following chart outlines the current state-of-play of several pieces of legislation that deal directly with national security spending: the National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA); the Defense Appropriations Bill; and the State, Foreign Operations and Related Programs Appropriations bill.

Legislation

Sub Committee

Full Committee

Floor

Bill

Conference

Senate National Defense Authorization Act    (S.1390)

X

X

X

X

House National Defense Authorization Act (H.R.2647)

X

X

X

X

Senate Defense Appropriation

X

X

X

House Defense Appropriation (H.3326)

X

X

X

X

Senate State and Foreign Ops Appropriation (S.1434)

X

X

X

House State and Foreign Ops Appropriation (H.3081)

X

X

X

X

  • The Senate and the House Armed Service Committees are in the process of conferencing their bill. Both the Senate and the House have passed their versions of the NDAA, and as authorizing bills, these pieces of legislation establish, continue, or modify DOD authorities and programs.  There are real differences between the two bills concerning DOD’s foreign and security assistance programs, outlined in BFAD’s NDAA comparison piece.
  • On the appropriations side, the House passed its version of the Defense Appropriations bill in July, and the Senate appropriations staffers are still working to ready their legislation for the full committee markup. The House and the Senate expect to conference their bills in mid-September.  Defense appropriations measures provide new budget authority for DOD programs, activities, or agencies previously authorized.  This timeframe is especially ambitious because the Defense Appropriations bill will contain, for the first time, funding for both the base budget and overseas contingency operations.  In recent years, supplemental appropriations have been used to provide funds for operations in Iraq and Afghanistan.
  • Additionally, the State and Foreign Operations subcommittees also need to conference.  The House passed its version of the bill in June; the Senate bill is awaiting floor action.  The State and Foreign Ops bill provides new budget authority for the Department of State, its personnel, diplomatic security, USAID operating expenses, and US foreign assistance programs.  This bill is of special importance due to the Obama administration’s commitment of raising the prominence (and funding) for diplomatic and development efforts, including doubling foreign assistance by FY 2015. There are real differences between the two bills concerning security assistance programs and civilian capacity building, outlined in BFAD’s State and Foreign Ops comparison piece.
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