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FY 2011 Budget Request: Department of Defense February 17, 2010

Posted by Alexander Brozdowski in Analysis.
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By: Matt Leatherman, Rebecca Williams, Alexander Brozdowski

On February 1, 2010, President Obama released his request for the FY 2011 defense budget and the FY 2010 defense supplemental appropriation. The administration is requesting $708.3 billion in FY 2011 discretionary budget authority. Of this amount, $548.9 billion is requested in the base defense budget and another $159.3 billion is requested for overseas contingency operations (OCO) to support military requirements in Iraq, Afghanistan and Pakistan. An additional $33 billion is requested to supplement the FY 2010 enacted appropriation, largely for the purpose of covering the troop surge in Afghanistan.

The FY 2011 base request of $548.9 billion is a 3.4 percent increase in nominal terms over the FY 2010 enacted base appropriation ($530.7 billion) or a 1.8 percent increase in real terms. When the OCO request is included, the overall FY 2011 defense budget is a $47.9 billion increase, or 7.3 percent, over the FY 2010 enacted appropriation.  Should the FY 2010 supplemental request also be enacted fully, the gap between the total FY 2010 budget and the FY 2011 request would narrow to $14.9 billion, or a 2.1 percent increase.  Any additional resources that might be requested in the form of a FY 2011 supplemental would re-open that gap in proportion to the size of the request.

The following are some highlights of the FY 2011 defense budget request.

MAJOR OCO – RELATED REQUESTS:

Commander’s Emergency Response Program (CERP). FY 2011 request: $ 1.3 billion increase, or 8.3 percent, over FY 2010 enacted. The Congress has provided $1.2 billion in CERP funding for FY2010, and the Administration did not request FY2010 supplemental funding for CERP.  Since FY 2004, Congress has provided more than $7.6 billion in CERP funding. CERP is intended to provide commanders in Iraq and Afghanistan with immediate funds for local reconstruction projects.

Coalition Support Funds (CSF). FY 2011 Request: $ 1.6 billion; no change over FY 2010 enacted. The Congress has provided $1.6 billion in CSF funding for FY2010, and the Administration did not request FY2010 supplemental funding for CSF.  CSF funds are use to reimburse countries – primarily Pakistan and Jordan – for their assistance to US military operations. CSF is no longer identified as a standalone program, but the amount of $1.6 billion is still included in the President’s FY 2011 OCO request as military training and equipment reimbursement for “key cooperating nations.” To date, Congress has provided nearly $10 billion in CSF funding since FY 2002.

Afghanistan Security Forces Fund (ASFF). FY 2011 Request: $ 11.6 billion; $ 5 billion increase, or 75.8 percent, over FY 2010 enacted appropriations. The Congress has provided $6.6 billion thus far for FY2010 for ASFF; the Administration is requesting an additional $2.6 billion in the FY2010 supplemental.  If the supplemental is fully enacted, the FY2011 request represents a 26 percent increase of the FY2010 estimate ($9.2 billion).  The FY2011 request represents a significant increase in funds to train and equip the Afghanistan Security Forces, which until FY2009 had received only $2-3 billion annually.

Global Train and Equip (Section 1206 ). FY 2011 Request: $ 500 million; $ 150 million increase, or 42.9 percent, over FY 2010 enacted levels. Section 1206 provides funding to bolster the capacity of a foreign country’s national military forces in order for that country to conduct counterterrorist operations or participate in or support military and stability operations.  For FY 2010, Congress has held Section 1206 funding to $ 350 million.

DOD BUDGET TITLE:

Military Personnel. FY 2011 Request: $ 138.5 billion; $ 3.5 billion increase, or 2.7 percent, over FY 2010 enacted. The military personnel account funds DOD salaries, including both civilian and solder’s pay. Much of the increase in this account in the last decade was paid for in emergency war supplemental, including combat pay and other payments to military families. However, DOD advocates returning these funds to the base budget in the 2010 QDR. Military Personnel constitutes 25.2% of the total DOD FY 2011 request, roughly holding steady from its 25.4% share in FY 2010.

Operations and Maintenance. FY 2011 Request: $ 200.3 billion; $ 15.7 billion increase, or 8.6 percent, over FY 2010 enacted. O&M, as an account, continues to increase over overall DOD budget growth. The account pays for current military operations, material upkeep, and civilian pay. Projected O&M costs per active military member in FY2011 will be over $140,000, nearly double what they were in FY 2000. O&M constitutes 36.5% of the total DOD FY 2011 request; this would be a slight increase over its 34.8% share in FY 2010.

Procurement. FY 2011 Request: $ 112.9 billion; $8.1 billion increase, or 7.7 percent, over FY 2010 enacted. Since FY 2000 the procurement budget has more than doubled in annual budget authority. In FY 2011 that trend is set to continue. Procurement constitutes 20.6% of the total DOD FY 2011 request; this would be a slight increase from its 19.7% share in FY 2010.

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